The Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare
The welfare of an animal includes their physical and mental state. The OHS considers that good animal welfare implies both fitness and a sense of well-being for the animal. Any animal kept by people must at least be protected from unnecessary suffering and all animals must be given five essential freedoms:
1) Freedom from Hunger and Thirst
By ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour.
2) Freedom from Discomfort
By providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
3) Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease
By prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
4) Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour
By providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s own kind.
5) Freedom from Fear and Distress
By ensuring conditions and treatment that avoid mental suffering.